The Western Ghats (Sahyadri Mountains) are well known for the rich and unique diversity of flora and fauna. There is a great variety of vegetation all along the Western Ghats – grassland, dry and moist deciduous forests, scrub-jungles, semi-evergreen and evergreen forests. Almost one-thirds of all the flowering plant species in India are found in this region. The Western Ghats is recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site for its rich and unique diversity of flora and fauna.

In Western Ghats, Indian Institute of Science and Earthwatch Institute India have collaborated on scientific research, skill development and conservation projects.

Thematic Areas

  • Sustainable Forest Management
  • Forest Structure
  • Amphibian Studies
  • Skill Development
  • Sustainable Technologies & Climate Action

Scientific Research on Sustainable Forest Management

The project studied the status and changes in vegetation parameters of selected forest types and plantation systems as input to climate impact modelling and assessment.

The project studied soil carbon status and measured soil respiration rate.

Skill Development and Sustainable Technologies

We promote skill development and sustainable technologies for forest conservation and efficiency of devices such as cook stoves, water heating systems, and agro-products' driers.

The project has installed a range of agro-processing technologies such as domestic cooking-pan cook stove, 2+1 pan cook stove, stove mould for rapid construction; bath water heating; agro-processing for areca boiling and jaggery making, agro-processing driers for fruits and vegetables.

Mapping Monsoon Messengers

The scientific research programme on Amphibians studied changes in diversity and distribution of anuran amphibians as a result of changes in climatic factors such as temperature and rainfall.

Project Sites - Sirsi, Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka

Lead Scientist, Co-Investigators and Researchers - Professor N.H. Ravindranath, Professor B V Venkatarama Reddy, Professor Monto Mani, Mr. H. I. Somashekar, Mr. Prabhakar R. Bhat, Dr. Sumanta Bagchi, Ms. Indu K Murthy, Dr. Gururaja KV, Dr. D.M. Bhat, Indian Institute of Science ( IISc ).